Microsoft cloud strength highlights fourth quarter results

Commercial cloud annualized revenue run rate exceeds $18.9 billion

REDMOND, Wash. — July 20, 2017 — Microsoft Corp. today announced the following results for the quarter ended June 30, 2017:

  • Revenue was $23.3 billion GAAP, and $24.7 billion non-GAAP
  • Operating income was $5.3 billion GAAP, and $7.0 billion non-GAAP
  • Net income was $6.5 billion GAAP, and $7.7 billion non-GAAP
  • Diluted earnings per share was $0.83 GAAP, and $0.98 non-GAAP

“Innovation across our cloud platforms drove strong results this quarter,” said Satya Nadella, chief executive officer at Microsoft, “Customers are looking to Microsoft and our thriving partner ecosystem to accelerate their own digital transformations and to unlock new opportunity in this era of intelligent cloud and intelligent edge.”

The following table reconciles our financial results reported in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) to non-GAAP financial results. Microsoft has provided this non-GAAP financial information to aid investors in better understanding the company’s performance. Additional information regarding our non-GAAP definition is provided below. The non-GAAP financial measures presented in this release should not be considered as a substitute for, or superior to, the measures of financial performance prepared in accordance with GAAP. All growth comparisons relate to the corresponding period in the last fiscal year.

Three Months Ended June 30,
 ($ in millions, except per share amounts) Revenue Operating Income Net Income Diluted Earnings per Share
2016 As Reported (GAAP) $20,614 $3,080 $3,122 $0.39
  Net Impact from Windows 10 Revenue Deferrals 2,027 2,027 1,466 0.19
  Impairment and Restructuring Expenses 1,110 895 0.11
2016 As Adjusted (non-GAAP) $22,641 $6,217 $5,483 $0.69
2017 As Reported (GAAP) $23,317 $5,330 $6,513 $0.83
  Net Impact from Windows 10 Revenue Deferrals 1,383 1,383 909 0.12
  Impairment and Restructuring Expenses 306 243 0.03
2017 As Adjusted (non-GAAP) $24,700 $7,019 $7,665 $0.98
Percentage Change Y/Y (GAAP) 13% 73% 109% 112%
Percentage Change Y/Y (non-GAAP) 9% 13% 40% 42%
Percentage Change Y/Y (non-GAAP) Constant Currency 10% 16% 42% 43%

The current quarter effective tax rate was (17)% an (6)% in GAAP and non-GAAP, respectively. The tax rates reflect a $1.8 billion impact related to the utilization of prior years’ losses from Microsoft’s phone business that were not deductible in the years incurred. As a result of this tax item, earnings per share for the quarter increased by $0.23.

Microsoft returned $4.6 billion to shareholders in the form of share repurchases and dividends in the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2017.

“We delivered a strong finish to the year with 30% growth in commercial bookings this quarter,” said Amy Hood, executive vice president and chief financial officer at Microsoft. “We will continue to invest in key areas that drive future growth for Microsoft and our customers.”

Revenue in Productivity and Business Processes was $8.4 billion and increased 21% (up 23% in constant currency), with the following business highlights:

  • Office commercial products and cloud services revenue increased 5% (up 6% in constant currency) driven by Office 365 commercial revenue growth of 43% (up 44% in constant currency)
  • Office consumer products and cloud services revenue increased 13% (up 13% in constant currency) and Office 365 consumer subscribers increased to 27.0 million
  • Dynamics products and cloud services revenue increased 7% (up 9% in constant currency) driven by Dynamics 365 revenue growth of 74% (up 75% in constant currency)
  • LinkedIn contributed revenue of $1.1 billion during the quarter

Revenue in Intelligent Cloud was $7.4 billion and increased 11% (up 12% in constant currency), with the following business highlights:

  • Server products and cloud services revenue increased 15% (up 16% in constant currency) driven by Azure revenue growth of 97% (up 98% in constant currency)
  • Enterprise Services revenue decreased 3% (down 1% in constant currency) with declines in custom support agreements offset by growth in Premier Support Services

Revenue in More Personal Computing was $8.8 billion and decreased 2% (down 1% in constant currency) driven primarily by lower phone revenue, with the following business highlights:

  • Windows OEM revenue increased 1% (up 1% in constant currency), slightly ahead of the overall PC market
  • Windows commercial products and cloud services revenue increased 8% (up 8% in constant currency) driven by annuity revenue growth
  • Surface revenue decreased 2% (down 1% in constant currency) mainly due to product lifecycle transitions
  • Search advertising revenue excluding traffic acquisition costs increased 10% (up 11% in constant currency) driven by higher revenue per search and search volume
  • Gaming revenue increased 3% (up 4% in constant currency) as strength in Xbox software and services offset lower hardware revenue

Fiscal Year 2017 Results

Microsoft Corp. today announced the following results for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2017:

  • Revenue was $90.0 billion GAAP, and $96.7 billion non-GAAP
  • Operating income was $22.3 billion GAAP, and $29.3 billion non-GAAP
  • Net income was $21.2 billion GAAP, and $25.9 billion non-GAAP
  • Diluted earnings per share was $2.71 GAAP, and $3.31 non-GAAP

The following table reconciles our financial results reported in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) to non-GAAP financial results. All growth comparisons relate to the corresponding period in the last fiscal year.

 

Twelve Months Ended June 30,
 ($ in millions, except per share amounts) Revenue Operating Income Net Income Diluted Earnings per Share
2016 As Reported (GAAP) $85,320 $20,182 $16,798 $2.10
  Net Impact from Windows 10 Revenue Deferrals 6,643 6,643 4,635 0.58
  Impairment and Restructuring Expenses 1,110 895 0.11
2016 As Adjusted (non-GAAP) $91,963 $27,935 $22,328 $2.79
2017 As Reported (GAAP) $89,950 $22,326 $21,204 $2.71
  Net Impact from Windows 10 Revenue Deferrals 6,707 6,707 4,437 0.57
  Impairment and Restructuring Expenses 306 243 0.03
2017 As Adjusted (non-GAAP) $96,657 $29,339 $25,884 $3.31
Percentage Change Y/Y (GAAP) 5% 11% 26% 29%
Percentage Change Y/Y (non-GAAP) 5% 5% 16% 19%

The current year effective tax rate was 8% and 14% in GAAP and non-GAAP, respectively. The tax rates reflect a $1.8 billion impact related to the utilization of prior years’ losses from Microsoft’s phone business that were not deductible in the years incurred. As a result of this tax item, earnings per share for the year increased by $0.23.

Business Outlook

Microsoft will provide forward-looking guidance in connection with this quarterly earnings announcement on its earnings conference call and webcast.

Webcast Details

Satya Nadella, chief executive officer, Amy Hood, executive vice president and chief financial officer, Frank Brod, chief accounting officer, John Seethoff, deputy general counsel and corporate secretary, and Chris Suh, general manager of Investor Relations, will host a conference call and webcast at 2:30 p.m. Pacific time (5:30 p.m. Eastern time) today to discuss details of the company’s performance for the quarter and certain forward-looking information. The session may be accessed at http://www.microsoft.com/en-us/investor. The webcast will be available for replay through the close of business on July 20, 2018.

“As Adjusted” Financial Results and non-GAAP Measures

During fiscal year 2017 and fiscal year 2016, GAAP revenue, operating income, net income, and diluted earnings per share include the net impact from Windows 10 revenue deferrals. During fiscal year 2017 and fiscal year 2016, GAAP operating income, net income, and diluted earnings per share include restructuring expenses. During fiscal year 2016, GAAP operating income, net income, and diluted earnings per share also include impairment expenses. These items are defined below. In addition to these financial results reported in accordance with GAAP, Microsoft has provided certain non-GAAP financial information to aid investors in better understanding the company’s performance. Presenting these non-GAAP measures gives additional insight into operational performance and helps clarify trends affecting the company’s business. For comparability of reporting, management considers this information in conjunction with GAAP amounts in evaluating business performance.

Net Impact from Windows 10 Revenue Deferrals. With respect to our non-GAAP measures related to Windows 10 revenue, we believe these measures bridge investor information and minimize potential confusion during the brief period between the time Windows 10 revenue recognition moved from upfront to ratable, and the adoption of the new revenue standard, when Windows 10 will again be recognized predominantly upfront. The net change in Windows 10 revenue from period to period is indicative of the net change in revenue we expect from adoption of the new revenue standard.

Non-GAAP Definitions

Net Impact from Windows 10 Revenue Deferrals. Microsoft recorded net revenue deferrals of $1.4 billion during the three months ended June 30, 2017 and net revenue deferrals of $6.7 billion during the twelve months ended June 30, 2017, related to Windows 10. Microsoft recorded net revenue deferrals of $2.0 billion during the three months ended June 30, 2016 and net revenue deferrals of $6.6 billion during the twelve months ended June 30, 2016, related to Windows 10.

With the launch of Windows 10 in July 2015, Windows 10 customers receive future versions and updates at no additional charge. Under current revenue recognition accounting guidance, when standalone software is sold with future upgrade rights, revenue must be deferred over the life of the computing device on which it is installed. This is different from prior versions of Windows, which were sold without upgrade rights, where all revenue from original equipment manufacturer (“OEM”) customers was recognized at the time of billing, i.e., upfront.

When Microsoft adopts the new revenue standard, predominantly all Windows OEM revenue will be recognized at the time of billing, which is similar to the revenue recognition for prior versions of Windows. Microsoft reflects the recognition of Windows 10 revenue at the time of billing in “As Adjusted (non-GAAP)” revenue to provide comparability during the short period where Windows 10 will be recognized over the estimated life of a device, i.e., ratably, rather than at the time of billing.

Impairment and Restructuring Expenses. During the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2017, Microsoft recorded $306 million of restructuring charges primarily related to its sales and marketing restructuring plan. During the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2016, Microsoft recorded restructuring and related impairment expenses of $1.1 billion, including $630 million of asset impairment charges which reflected the performance of its phone business, and $480 million of restructuring charges primarily related to its previously announced phone business restructuring plans.

New Revenue Standard

In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board issued a new standard related to revenue recognition. We elected to early adopt the standard effective July 1, 2017, using the full retrospective method, which will require us to restate each prior reporting period presented.

The most significant impact of the standard relates to our accounting for revenue from Windows 10 licensing as previously described. Additionally, for certain multi-year commercial software subscriptions that include both distinct software licenses and Software Assurance, we will recognize license revenue at the time of contract execution rather than over the subscription period. Due to the complexity of certain of our commercial license subscription contracts, the actual revenue recognition treatment required under the standard will depend on contract-specific terms and in some instances may vary from recognition at the time of billing. Revenue recognition related to our hardware, cloud offerings including Office 365, LinkedIn, and professional services will remain substantially unchanged.

We expect to share more information on adoption of the new standard in early August 2017.

Constant Currency

Microsoft presents constant currency information to provide a non-GAAP framework for assessing how our underlying businesses performed excluding the effect of foreign currency rate fluctuations. To present this information, current and comparative prior period non-GAAP results for entities reporting in currencies other than United States dollars are converted into United States dollars using the average exchange rates from the comparative period rather than the actual exchange rates in effect during the respective periods. All growth comparisons relate to the corresponding period in the last fiscal year.

Financial Performance Constant Currency Reconciliation

Three Months Ended June 30,
 ($ in millions, except per share amounts) Revenue Operating Income Net Income Diluted Earnings per Share
2016 As Reported (GAAP) $20,614 $3,080 $3,122 $0.39
2016 As Adjusted (non-GAAP) $22,641 $6,217 $5,483 $0.69
2017 As Reported (GAAP) $23,317 $5,330 $6,513 $0.83
2017 As Adjusted (non-GAAP) $24,700 $7,019 $7,665 $0.98
Percentage Change Y/Y (GAAP) 13% 73% 109% 112%
Percentage Change Y/Y (non-GAAP) 9% 13% 40% 42%
Constant Currency Impact $(256) $(183) $(116) $(0.01)
Percentage Change Y/Y (non-GAAP) Constant Currency 10% 16% 42% 43%

Segment Revenue Constant Currency Reconciliation

Three Months Ended June 30,
 ($ in millions) Productivity and Business Processes Intelligent Cloud More Personal Computing
2016 As Reported (GAAP) $6,970 $6,711 $8,960
2017 As Reported (GAAP) $8,446 $7,434 $8,820
Percentage Change Y/Y (GAAP) 21% 11% (2)%
Constant Currency Impact $(98) $(91) $(67)
Percentage Change Y/Y (non-GAAP) Constant Currency 23% 12% (1)%

Selected Product and Service Revenue Constant Currency Reconciliation      

Three Months Ended June 30, 2017
Percentage Change Y/Y (GAAP) Constant Currency Impact Percentage Change Y/Y (non-GAAP) Constant Currency
Office commercial products and cloud services 5% 1% 6%
Office 365 commercial 43% 1% 44%
Office consumer products and cloud services 13% 0% 13%
Dynamics products and cloud services 7% 2% 9%
Dynamics 365 74% 1% 75%
Server products and cloud services 15% 1% 16%
Azure 97% 1% 98%
Enterprise Services (3)% 2% (1)%
Windows OEM 1% 0% 1%
Windows commercial products and cloud services 8% 0% 8%
Surface (2)% 1% (1)%
Search advertising excluding traffic acquisition costs 10% 1% 11%
Gaming 3% 1% 4%

Commercial Cloud Annualized Revenue Run Rate

Commercial cloud annualized revenue run rate is calculated by taking revenue in the final month of the quarter multiplied by twelve for Office 365 commercial, Azure, Dynamics 365, and other cloud properties.

About Microsoft

Microsoft (Nasdaq “MSFT” @microsoft) is the leading platform and productivity company for the mobile-first, cloud-first world and its mission is to empower every person and every organization on the planet to achieve more.

Forward-Looking Statements

Statements in this release that are “forward-looking statements” are based on current expectations and assumptions that are subject to risks and uncertainties. Actual results could differ materially because of factors such as:

  • intense competition in all of Microsoft’s markets;
  • increasing focus on services presents execution and competitive risks;
  • significant investments in new products and services that may not be profitable;
  • acquisitions, joint ventures, and strategic alliances may have an adverse effect on our business;
  • impairment of goodwill or amortizable intangible assets causing a significant charge to earnings;
  • Microsoft’s continued ability to protect and earn revenues from its intellectual property rights;
  • claims that Microsoft has infringed the intellectual property rights of others;
  • the possibility of unauthorized disclosure of significant portions of Microsoft’s source code;
  • cyber-attacks and security vulnerabilities in Microsoft products and services that could reduce revenue or lead to liability;
  • disclosure of personal data that could cause liability and harm to Microsoft’s reputation;
  • outages, data losses, and disruptions of our online services if we fail to maintain an adequate operations infrastructure;
  • government litigation and regulation that may limit how Microsoft designs and markets its products;
  • potential liability under trade protection and anti-corruption laws resulting from our international operations;
  • laws and regulations relating to the handling of personal data may impede the adoption of our services or result in increased costs, legal claims, or fines against us;
  • Microsoft’s ability to attract and retain talented employees;
  • adverse results in legal disputes;
  • unanticipated tax liabilities;
  • Microsoft’s hardware and software products may experience quality or supply problems;
  • exposure to increased economic and operational uncertainties from operating a global business, including the effects of foreign currency exchange;
  • catastrophic events or geo-political conditions may disrupt our business; and
  • adverse economic or market conditions may harm our business.

For more information about risks and uncertainties associated with Microsoft’s business, please refer to the “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and “Risk Factors” sections of Microsoft’s SEC filings, including, but not limited to, its annual report on Form 10-K and quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, copies of which may be obtained by contacting Microsoft’s Investor Relations department at (800) 285-7772 or at Microsoft’s Investor Relations website at http://www.microsoft.com/en-us/investor.

All information in this release is as of July 20, 2017. The company undertakes no duty to update any forward-looking statement to conform the statement to actual results or changes in the company’s expectations.

For more information, press only:

Rapid Response Team, Waggener Edstrom Worldwide, (503) 443-7070, rrt@waggeneredstrom.com

For more information, financial analysts and investors only:

Chris Suh, general manager, Investor Relations, (425) 706-4400

Note to editors: For more information, news and perspectives from Microsoft, please visit the Microsoft News Center at http://www.microsoft.com/news. Web links, telephone numbers, and titles were correct at time of publication, but may since have changed. Shareholder and financial information, as well as today’s 2:30 p.m. Pacific time conference call with investors and analysts, is available at http://www.microsoft.com/en-us/investor.

 

 

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